1. guarantee the position of authority dialect. According

 

 

 

 

1.     
Introduction…………………………………………………………………………
1.1  Background
of the Research…………………………………………………….
1.2  Statement
of the Problem……………………………………………………….
1.3  Delimitation
of the Study………………………………………………………
1.4  Objectives
of the Study………………………………………………………….
1.5  Research
Questions…………………………………………………………….
1.6 Significance
of the Study………………………………………………………
   2.   Literature Review…………………………………………………………………
2.1 The
State of Mind towards English Dialect…………………………………….
2.2  Different
Assortments of English Language……………………………………
2.3  Different
Point of Views about the Dubious Term of “World Englishes”…….
2.4  English
Language in Pakistan………………………………………………….
2.5  The
Status of English Language in Pakistan…………………………………..
2.6 The
Present Study……………………………………………………………..
   3.   Research Methodology……………………………………………………………
3.1 Research
Paradigm…………………………………………………………….
3.2  Population……………………………………………………………………….
3.3  Sample………………………………………………………………………….
3.4  Material:
Data Collection………………………………………………………
3.5  Research
Tool………………………………………………………………….
3.6  Procedures………………………………………………………………………
   4.   Data Analysis………………………………………………………………………
   5.   Conclusion………………………………………………………………………….
5.1  Findings………………………………………………………………………..
5.2  Recommendations………………………………………………………………
5.3  Concluding
Remarks…………………………………………………………..
        
References…………………………………………………………………………..
        
Appendix……………………………………………………………………………

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TABLE OF CONTEN

Abstract

Determining the nature of non native variety of English
relies on sociolinguistic, political, geographical and economical factors than
merely on linguistic grounds. Hence inter-national and international towards
the varieties are considered main factors in explaining the status of language.
Many researchers have discussed the status of Pakistani English, Kachru (1982,
1985, 1987,) Rahman (2002) Baumgardner(1993), Khalique(2006) and ghani (2003)
etc. There are many studies towards the attitudes of English but there are a
few researches on Pakistani variety of English. This research emphasize on the
attitude of English language learners towards the status of Pakistani English.
A survey of questionnaire of thirty participants was held with focusing on
their attitudes towards Pakistani English. The participants were BA English
Literature students of different colleges. The result of this survey shows that
the students of colleges have both positive and negative attitudes towards
Pakistani English.

 

1.   
Introduction

1.1          
Background
of the Research

In seventeenth century English
dialect was introduced in the subcontinent by the British people. In present
days, English dialect gets the status of authentic dialect in Pakistan, both
Urdu and English dialects guarantee the position of authority dialect.
According to Baumgardner(n.d), the status of English in Pakistan is that the
constitution and body of the law are arranged in English. In Pakistan English
has great place. All temperate, invention, and economical information are
accessible in English.

In the 1990 century some people
realized that the mixture of English language which they are speaking in
Pakistan is separated from different assortments of English which they named as
Pakistani English, PE or Pinglish. Really Pakistani English or Pinglish is the
accumulating English dialect mixture which are spoken and written in
Pakistan.  Pakistan English has no less
than four particular assortments, named as, Anglicized Pakistani English,
acrolect (talked by explusure class), reselect (utilized by white colour
class), and (advertise English utilized by un educated class) (Rahman 1999).
Pakistani English recently accepted as independent core among other non local
admixture of English language. This is close to the British English than
whatever other assortment of English. Notwithstanding, there are certain similarities
in the segmental and non segmental parts of elocution which should be beak knowledge
as the particular attribute of this assortment. Pakistani English has comprised
its own semantic hypothesis and culture that does not make it sub –part in the
comparison with British Standard English. Rahman (1999) researched the
sociolinguistic variety in Pakistani English with an emphasis on phonology,
sentence structure, morphology, and lexis. The informed assortment of Pakistani
English has progressed over a time detained use in academic, regulatory,
authorized business and discretionary circles of national life in Pakistan
(Hague 2003).

 

 

1.2          
Statement
of the problem

The people in Pakistan have different
attitude towards Pakistani English. Many students have positive attitude
towards Pakistani English. This research tells about the Pakistani English and
the attitude of university students towards it.

 

1.3          
Delimitation
of the study

The present study is
implicated with Pakistani English. It is delimited to the attitude of college
students. Furthermore it is delimited to the attitudes to students who want to
learn English as a foreign language.

 

1.4          
Objective
of the study

            The objectives
of the study research are:

Ø       To check the fluency in utilized of
Pakistani English by the students.

Ø       To check the attitudes towards Pakistani English
of the college students

 

1.5          
Research
question

            The
questions of research study are:

Ø       What are attitude of college students
towards Pakistani English?

Ø      Why colleges use Pakistani English more
than the Standard English?

 

1.6          
Significance
of the study

           This
research gives us information about the English dialects of Pakistani
community.                    The
research reveals about the English language variety and its status in Pakistan.
It reveals the students attitude towards English language.

Conclusion

5.1 Findings

Many decades, English language is used in Pakistan. In 17th century, English language is introduced by
the English people in Pakistan. In present days, English language enjoys

 high status in
Pakistan. In comparison to the other dialects of English language, Pakistani
English considered as a separate dialect. It is considered much closer to the
British standard level. This study is to assess the behaviour

     of
university students towards Pakistani English. To achieve these goals, the investigator
         made a comparison between
Pakistani English and British English. Findings of these results are following;      

 

·        
   The result of this survey shows that the
respondents use Pakistani English in place of    

                     British English.

·        
The
students of different universities in Pakistan use Pakistani English in place
of British English.

·        
The
results of different respondents show both positive and negative interests
towards Pakistani English.

   

      Recommendations

This study emphasizes on the
attitudes of the college students towards Pakistani English. Some of them are
followed;

·        
The
research can be about the behavior secondary level students towards Pakistani English.

·        
The
research can be about the behavior of intermediate teachers towards Pakistani
variety of English.

·        
It
can be about the attitude of English speech community towards Pakistani English
which are belonging from different areas.

 

Concluding Remarks

English language has been used in Pakistan from many years.
It was considered as a language of English people but now it is known as
language of learning. English language is considered an important way of
communication. Now a day, it got institutional and official position in
Pakistan.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REFERENCES

Al-Tamimi, A.
& Shuib, M. (2009). Motivation and attitudes rowards learning English: A
study of Petroleum Engineering undergraduates at Hadhramout University of
Science and Technology. GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies ,
(p. 29-55).

Baumgardner, R. J. (1993). The English language in
Pakistan. Oxford University Press.

 

Bolton, K.
(2004). World Englishes. In A. Davies, & C. Elder (Eds.), The handbook
of

applied linguistics (p. 367-396).

Chalak, A. & Kassaian, Z. (2010). Motivation and
attitude of Iranian undergraduate EFL

 

students towards learning English. GEMA Online Journal
of Langauge Studies ,

 

(p. 37-56).

 

Crismore, A.; Ngeow, K. Y. – H. & Soo, K. – S. (1996).
Attitudes toward English in

 

Malaysia. World Englishes , (p. 319–335).

 

De Kadt, E. (1993). Attitudes towards English in South
Africa. World Eglishes ,

 

(p. 311–324).

 

Dewaele, J.-M. (2005). Sociodemographic, psychological and
politico cultural correlates

 

In Flemish student’s attitude
towards French and English. Journal of Multilingual

 

and Multicultural
Development, (p. 118-137).

 

El-Dash, L. G. & Busnardo, J. (2001). Brazilian
attitude towards English: Dimensions of

 

status and solidarity.Internation Journal of
Applied Linguistics , (p. 57-74).

 

Ghani, M. (2003). The status and position of English
language in Pakistan. Journal of

 

Social sciences and Humanities, (p. 103-115).

 

 

Khalique, H. (2006). The Urdu English relationship and its
impact on Pakistan’s social

 

development. Heidelberg International workshop.

 

Kim, L.S.; Siong, L.K.; Fei, W. F. & Ya’acob, A.
(2010). The English language and its

 

impact on identities of multilingual Malaysian
undergraduates. GEMA Online

 

Journal of Language Studies , (p.87-101).

 

Kobayashi, Y. (2002). The Role of Gender in Foreign
Language Learning Attitudes:

 

Japanese female students’ attitudes towards English
learning. Gender and

 

Education , (p. 181-197).

 

Lewis, M. P. (Ed.). (2009). Ethnologue: Languages of
the world (16th ed.). Dallas: SIL

 

International.

 

Matsuda, A. (2000). Japanese attitude towards English:
A case study of high school

 

students. Bell & Howell Information and
Learning Company.

 

Mufwene, S. S. (2001). The ecology of language. Cambridge
University Press.

 

Pennycook, A. (1994). The cultural politics of English
as an international language.

 

Harlow: Longman Group Ltd.

 

Rahman, T. (2002). Language, ideology and power:
Language learning among the

 

Muslims of Pakistan and North India. Karachi:
Oxford University Press.

 

Stables, A. & Wikeley, F. (1999). From bad to worse?
Pupils’ attitudes to modern foreign

 

languages at ages 14 and15. Language Learning
Journal , (p. 27-31).

 

Tsui, A. B. M. & Bunton, D. (2000). The discourse and
attitude of English language

 

teachers in Hong Kong. World Englishes , (p. 287-303).

 

Wiebesiek, L.; Rudwick, S. & Zeller, J. (2011). South
African Indian Enlish: A

 

qualitative study of attitudes.World  Englishes , (p. 251-268).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

APPENDIX

 

Questionnaire

 

A STUDY OF ATTITUDE OF
COLLEGE STUDENTS

 

TOWARDS PAKISTANI ENGLISH

 

This
questionnaire is to evaluate the attitude of college students towards Pakistani

English.  Kindly fill the following questionnaire and
tick according to your own choice.

 

Name (optional)
_________________    Department:    BA English LITERATURE

 

1.       What do you speak?

 

(a)    He went out of stop yesterday.

(b)   He went out of station yesterday.

(c)    Both (a) & (b)

 

2.       Which one do you use in your writing?

 

(a)    I am working here since 2016.

(b)   I have been working here since 2016.

(c)    I had working here since 2016.

 

3.       Which vocabulary item is used by you?

 

(a)    I am going to her marriage.

(b)   I am going to her wedlock.                                                  

 

4.       Which word is used by you?

 

(a)    When are you going to transfer to your new house?

(b)   When are you moving to your new house?

                                                                                                                                             

5.       Which word you prefer to speak?

 

(a)    I shall not come in the morning due to have traffic problem.

(b)   I couldn’t reach on time because there was a transport problem.

  

                                                                                                                                           

6.       Which pattern is used by you?

 

(a)    He will win if he will work hard.

(b)   He wins if he will work hard.

(c)    He will win if he works hard.

 

7.       Which pattern do you prefer to speak?

 

(a)    Here were a packet of biscuits.

(b)   Here is packet of biscuits.

(c)    Here are packet of biscuits.

 

8.       Which statement is used by you?

 

(a)    Cook the fishes in hot water.

(b)   Cook fishes in hot water.

 

9.       Would you like to speak “Timater” instead of
tomato?

 

(a)    Yes                 (b)  No 

       

10.    Which
accent do you like to have?

 

(a)    British accent                            (b)
American accent                       (c) 
Pakistani accent

 

11.    Would
you like to speak “chawal” instead of rice?

 

(a)    Yes                        (b) 
No

    

12.   How would you pronounce the word “fast”?

 

            

13.   How would you pronounce the word “English”?

 

 

14.   How would you pronounce the word “beautiful”?

 

15.   How would you pronounce the word “perilous”?