Abstract systems in existence today require a big

Abstract

      The past decade has seen significant
advancement in the field of consumer electronics. Various “intelligent”
appliances such as cellular phone, air conditioners, home security devices,
home theaters, etc., are set to realize the concept of a smart home. They have
given rise to a Personal Area Network in home environment, where all these
appliances can be interconnected and monitored using a single controller. Home
automation involves introducing a degree of computerized or automatic control
to certain electrical and electronic systems in a building. These include
lighting, temperature control, etc. This project demonstrates a simple home
automation system which contains a remote mobile host controller and several
client modules (home appliances). The client modules communicate with the host
controller through a wireless device such as a Bluetooth enabled mobile phone,
in this case, an android based Smart phone.

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Section
1

 

INTRODUCTION:

            Although home automation today is
not a new thing but most advanced home automation systems in existence today
require a big and expensive change of infrastructure. This means that it often
is not feasible to install a home automation system in an existing building

A home automation system is a means that
allow users to control electric appliances of varying kind. Home automation is
important and security to help handicapped and aged people that will control
home appliances and in critical situations it can alert them. Remote
intelligent home system may include centralized control of lighting, heating,
ventilation and air conditioning, appliances and other security systems, to
provide improved energy efficiency, security, convenience. Home automation can
be reduces the human efforts and time.

            Many
people are always on the move from place to place due to business demands. Some
people canspend a couple of days away from their home leaving all their
household appliances without any kind ofmonitoring and control. Some devices
are left plugged into power sockets whereas others are supposedto be plugged
into and out of power sockets at deferent intervals depending on the time of
the day. Allthis requires an individual to manually attend to each of the
devices independently from time to time.All such monitoring and control can be
done without necessarily being around or inside the home. Somedevices if not
controlled properly consume a lot of energy which leads to extra expenditure on
electricity.

            Therefore
we propose to design an internet based home automation system which will enable
one toremotely manage his/her appliances from anywhere, anytime. . Home
automation can be reduces the human efforts and time. Home automation is
important and security to help handicapped and aged people that will control
home appliances and in critical situations it can alert them.

 

Section
2

 

PROBLEM
DEFINATION:

            Many
people are always on the move from place to place due to business demands. Some
people canspend a couple of days away from their home leaving all their
household appliances without any kind ofmonitoring and control. Some devices
are left plugged into power sockets whereas others are supposed to be plugged
into and out of power sockets at different intervals depending on the time of
the day. All this requires an individual to manually attend to each of the
devices independently from time to time. All such monitoring and control can be
done without necessarily being around or inside the home. Some devices if not
controlled properly consume a lot of energy which leads to extra expenditure on
electricity.Therefore we propose to design an internet based home automation system
which will enable one to remotely manage his/her appliances from anywhere,
anytime.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.1           
LITERATURE
SURVEY:

2.1.1       
Arantxa 
Villanueva,  Rafael  Cabeza, 
Sonia  Port a  “Eye Tracking System Model with Easy
Calibration”, IEEE 2011

The
aim of this work is to build up a mathematical model totally based in realistic
variables describing elements taking part in an eye tracking system employing
the well-known bright pupil technique i.e. user, camera, illumination and
screen. The model is said to be defined when the expression relating the point
the user is looking at with the extracted features of the image (glint position
and center of the pupil) is found. The desired model would have to be simple,
realistic, accurate and easy to calibrate.

2.1.2       
ShrunkhalaSatishWankhede, Ms. S. A. Chhabria,
“Controlling mouse motions using eye movements”, (IJAIEM), 2013.

In
this paper, an individual human computer interface system using eye motion is
introduced. Traditionally, human computer interface uses mouse, keyboard as an
input device. This paper presents hands free interface between computer and
human. This technology is intended to replace the conventional computer screen
pointing devices for the use of disabled. The paper presents a novel idea to
control computer mouse cursor movement with human eyes it controls mouse-moving
by automatically affecting the position where eyesight focuses on, and
simulates mouse-click by affecting blinking action. However, the proposed
vision-based virtual interface controls system work on various eye movements
such as eye blinking.

2.1.3       
M.mangaiyarkarasi and a.Geetha, “Cursor control system
using facial expressions for human-computer interaction”,(IJETCSE), April 2014.

A vision
based human–computer interface is presented in this paper. The interface
detects eye movements and interprets them as cursor control commands. The
employed image processing methods include webcam for detecting the face, and
template matching   method based eye
region detection. The Haar feature technique is used for eye feature
extraction. SVM classification method is used for classifying the eye
movements. The classification of eye movements such as eye open, eye close,
eyeball left, and eyeball right movements are used for cursor top, bottom, left
and right movement respectively.

2.1.4       
Craig Hennessey, Jacob Fiset, “Long Range Eye Tracking:
Bringing Eye Tracking into the Living Room”, IEEE, 2012

In
this paper author present a non-contact eye tracking system that allows for
freedom of viewer motion in a living room environment. A pan and tilt mechanism
is used to orient the eye tracker, guided by face tracking information from a
wide-angle camera. The estimated point of gaze is corrected for viewer movement
in real-time, avoiding the need for recalibration. The proposed technique
achieves comparable accuracy to desktop systems near the calibration position
of less than 1° of visual angle and accuracy of less than 2° of visual angle
when the viewer moved a large distance, such as standing or sitting on the
other side of the couch. The system performance achieved was more than
sufficient to operate a novel, hands-free Smart TV interface.

2.1.5       
Bacivarov, Ionita M., Corcoran,P., “Statistical models of
appearance for eye tracking and eye-blink detection and measurement”, IEEE,
2010

In this
article, author investigates the subtleties of the spatial and temporal aspects
of eye blinks. Conventional methods for eye blink animation generally employ
temporally and spatially symmetric sequences; however, naturally occurring
blinks in humans show a pronounced asymmetry on both dimensions. We present an
analysis of naturally occurring blinks that was performed by tracking data from
high-speed video using active appearance models. Based on this analysis, we
generate a set of key-frame parameters that closely match naturally occurring
blinks. Author compare the perceived naturalness of blinks that are animated
based on real data to those created using textbook animation curves. The eye
blinks are animated on two characters, a photorealistic model and a cartoon
model, to determine the influence of character style. We find that the animated
blinks generated from the human data model with fully closing eyelids are
consistently perceived as more natural than those created using the various
types of blink dynamics proposed in animation textbooks.

 

 

 

 

Section
3

 

IMPLEMENTATION:

            Following
components are used in this project:

1.     Sensors

 

2.     Model of a house

 

3.     Arduino Board

 

4.     Relays

 

5.     Fans

 

6.     LED’s

 

We have divided
this project implementation in two way.

 

1. In-House
Automation

2. Out of the
House Automation

 

1  
IN-HOUSE:

 

1.1  Remote operated light-

           The Light Sensor generates an output
signal indicating the intensity of light by measuring the radiant energy that
exists in a very narrow range of frequencies basically called “light”, and
which ranges in frequency from “Infra-red” to “Visible” up to “Ultraviolet”
light spectrum.

1.2.
Humidity controlled fan

            Sometimes, after rains, the air feels moist. The water
seems to have suspended in the air. However, in certain AC’s
you click some buttons and the atmosphere brightens up. How and why does it all
happen? Moisture forms up in the air, resulting in humidity. However, the
humidity sensor in your AC picks it up and cleans it up for you. Isn’t that
wonderful? Let’s take a look how it does that. A humidity sensor (or
hygrometer) senses, measures and reports both moisture and air temperature. The
ratio of moisture in the air to the highest amount of moisture at a particular
air temperature is called relative humidity. Relative humidity becomes an
important factor, when looking for comfort.

1.3.
Fire detection in home

            Flame detectors, also known as
optical flame detector sensors, report the presence of visible fires within a
protected area. All flames emit visible light plus invisible infrared (IR) and
ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Our UV or UVIR flame detector sensors use these
invisible radiations to distinguish between a real flame and other sources of
radiation that are visible to the detector. The flame detector may be connected
to a fire alarm control system, or can function as a stand-alone device to
alert personnel or to shut down equipment in case of a fire.

2       
OUTHOUSE
AUTOMATION

2.1 Garden water automation

           This soil moisture sensor is used to sense the present of
water in soil and gives some output voltage to the processor to execute
according to the instruction given by the user.

2.2           
Water
level detection in tank

            A water detector sensor module is an electronic device
that is designed to detect the presence of water and provide an alert in time
to allow the prevention of water damage.

 

 

 

2.3           
 Door
light automation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Section 4

ARCHITECTURE:

In
Smart home all household equipment’s are examined by installed hardware and
software and instructed to user to control these equipment’s remotely through
communicating to automation module. Proposed system is based on Arduino
microcontroller. Also we can develop this system in many different ways with
various other controller. Arduino microcontroller is open source and used in
system development.it can be used to develop objects that are supported by
computing system. This process starts with sensors by performing their
operations and send signals to Arduino microcontroller which will process
received signal through program code and transmit data to user for further
instructions to be received from user.

Advantages:

·        
Savings

            You use your appliances and devices
when needed can obviously optimize utility bills. No unnecessary wastage of
money and when doors are not locked you have to run back to home will be
prevented and your time will also not be wasted. Less efforts and efficient
also convenient to control all devices.

·        
Safety

            You can control lights by just
tapping and so not get scared of some shadows. By some other devices like
automatic door locking system, IR sensors, etc. you can increase security. Whenyou
are not at home you are worried that if kids didn’t lock door before going to
play. By automatic door locking system you can lock it remotely.

 

 

·        
Convenience

With home automation convenient control of
your home is at your fingertips. You don’t have to trust someone else with your
most valuable and precious things.

·        
Energy efficiency

            Controlling appliances
can increase energy efficiency of your home. If any device remains on you can
off it through your device and save energy as well as save environmental
pollution

           

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Section
5

Conclusion:

            Home Automation
is undeniably a resource which can make a home environment automated. People
can control their electrical devices via these Home Automation devices and set
up the controlling actions in the computer. We think this product have high
potential for marketing in the future. At the moment the components are a bit
too high to be able to produce these devices for a interesting price. This
project work is complete on its own in remotely and automatically switching on
and o_ of any electrical appliance not limited to household appliances, and
sends a feedback message indicating the new present state of the appliance. It
does not implement control of multiple appliances or automatic detection of
faults in the controlled appliance.

 

Section
6

 

References

 Websites:-

      1.
https://software.intel.com/en-us/iot/home/

      2.
https://www.arduino.cc/

      3. http://www.collaberatact.com/TACT/internet-of-things-training-india

 

 Books:-

 

1.     
Designing the Internet of Things.Authors: Adrian McEwen, Hakim Cassimally. Published by John Wiley and Sons, ltd.

2.     
Getting started with the internet of
things.Author: Cuno Pfister. Published by O’Reilly Media, Inc.

3.     
Getting Started with Arduino.Author: Massimo Banzi. Published by Maker Media, Inc.

 

 

 

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