believe the civil war was fought for many reasons and is not held to just one.
If I had to choose one main reason it would be because of the future of
slavery, States rights, western expansion and the bleeding in Kansas. This war
was fought by the Northern and Western states and territories to preserve the
Union, and the South fought to create Southern independence as a new
confederation of states under its own redesigned constitution.
was of great importance to the south because of the southern economy. The south
was an agricultural-based economy whose biggest yields were cotton and tobacco,
depended almost entirely only slaves for labor (Slavery without submission).
Northern workers felt that slavery hurt wages and took land that could have been
used by poor whites to sustain an economic independence, whereas Southerners
argued that ending slavery would destroy the southern economy (Sectional
Crisis). In 1790, a thousand tons of cotton were being produced every year in
the South. By period, 500,000 slaves grew to 4 million. 1860, it was a million
tons. (Slavery Without Submission)
big percentage of plantation owners bought African slaves to work their plantations.
Small time farmers also even used slaves for work labor. As America grew the
industries grew as well. Especially cotton industries from the mass amount of
cotton produced. The use of slaves lessened in the north over time and greatly
increased in southern states. It was smart for southern land owners to use
slaves instead of hiring white workers that could strike or just quit, as to
where slaves had no choice in the matter. These southern plantations depended
on the mass production of cash crops on tired soil. Tobacco and cotton ‘tired’
the soil by taking all of its important nutrients away from the soil.
Missouri compromise was passed in 1820 to try to keep peace between the two divisions.
This compromise added Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state.
After the Missouri compromise was set in place the American people finally
realized how big this slave issue was. (History)The Missouri compromises
flooded the newspapers and everyone was talking about it. Questions over the
expansion of slavery were still at large, but nearly all Americans concluded
that the Constitution protected slavery where it already was established.
(Sectional Crisis) The Missouri Compromise was attacked by many southerners
because it created the idea that Congress could make laws and decisions
debate on the powers of the states and federal government initiated conflict in
the 1830s. The Missouri compromise was created to fix the issue but only
temporarily did so. Congress signed a bill stating Missouri a slave state, if
slavery was to be indubitably forever outlawed in the rest of the Louisiana
purchase north of the 36th parallel. (Congress) Abolitionist
in the north made southerners believe that slavery would soon be illegal. Nat
turner’s rebellion gave southerners the idea that slaves were dangerous and
that the enslaving Africans was stopping them from turning in to savage beasts.
Furthermore, the south wanted the use of slaves to be used in the west while
the north wanted to make western states free states. When the U.S and Mexican
war was won the land we gained created conflict about slavery. Abolitionist fought
to have slavery illegal in this area. Supporters of slavery were under the assumption
and feared that if this new area was a free state that the political power of
slave states would be lost to the point of slavery being illegal and outlawed
all across the continent (13-3). Supporters and those opposed to slavery rushed
in these new territories to contribute to their causes.
Rights) As long as there was the same number of slave states as there was none
slave states the two districts had equal representation in congress, and
neither was stronger than the other. Every new area that would apply to be a
state intimidated to disrupt this balance. The southern states were all for states’
rights and hated the idea of federal government and in 1850 they came up with
the idea to secede. The south thought they had the power to appeal the nation
and they did just that.
Missouri compromise helped hold the Union together for more than thirty years.
It was repealed by the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854. This act created popular
rule in regards to slavery in Kansas and Nebraska(Congress). The Supreme Court
in the Dred Scott case declared the Missouri Compromise Unconstitutional
Congress was prohibited by the Fifth Amendment from depriving individuals of
private property without due process of law (13-5). The Kansas-Nebraska Act
allowed each territory to decide the issue of slavery with popular vote. Kansas
with slavery legal would disrupt the Missouri Compromise, which had kept the
Union from falling apart for the last thirty-four years. (Slavery without
after effects of the Kansas-Nebraska led to the Bleeding Kansas. Many people
from Kansas would argue that the civil war started during the Bleeding Kansas.
Slavery supporting citizen’s rushed into Kansas to try to mark Kansas as a
slave state. They were met by the non-supporters of slavery Kansan people. The
two people coming together created violence and destruction throughout Kansas. Kansas
eventually was announced as a free state in 1861.The bleeding Kansas gave
people the idea to use violence as a way to treat slavery. Propaganda was used
by both sides which only inflicted even more damage
Republican party didn’t want westward expansion of slavery into these new
states and when Abraham Lincoln, who was a member of the Republican party, won
the election of 1860, the south knew that this would not help them accomplish their
goal of expanding slavery. (YAWP). The south thought that the north was going
to get rid of slavery which would ultimately destroy the southern economy. Feeling
that they could not do anymore talking, the only thing they could do no was
take action. They had to part ways with the rest of America. South Carolina
seceded and they requested that the north leave its military forts in Charleston
Harbor. On April 10, 1861 knowing that support was on its way the confederate
forces demanded them to give it up. Major Robert Anderson, the forts commanders
did not comply, and on April 12 the confederates fired shots and cannons onto
the fort. This was the start of the civil war. With the start of war President
Abraham Lincoln called for support to help put down the confederates. Virginia,
Arkansas, North Carolina and Tennessee refused Lincolns request. These states
provoked President Lincoln saying he overstepped his boundaries and favored the
. So overall there were many reasons the civil war happened,
mostly all of them lead back some way to slavery. The civil war was a big
turning point in America history. The Civil War inflicted the most deaths in
American history compared to other wars. More Americans died in the civil war
then in any other war to date. Sons fought against fathers and the nation was
ripped apart. (States’ Rights) The Federal government showed its strength over
the states. This war was fought for the future of slavery, States rights,
western expansion and the bleeding in Kansas. If this war was not fault the land,
we call home would be separated into two completely different regions. I think
that the war was a good thing and it was something that had to of happened for
the better of our country.