Introduction years . • At present, the access

Introduction

•       
What is Water Poverty?

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          “The state of not having access to sufficient
water, water of an

                  adequate quality, to meet
one’s basic needs” (Oxford Dictionaries)

•       
The major part of the earth is covered by water
than land.

•       
It contains only 3% of fresh water.

•       
Globally, 1.1 billion people lack access to
clean water.

•       
Water poverty in Somalia is due to water
shortage, weather and decline of economy.

•       
5.5 million people in Somalia are subjected to
water poverty and suffer from water-borne diseases (Baringer, 2017)

•       
The main reason for water poverty in Somalia is
drought.

•       
The regions in Somalia mostly effected are
Somaliland, Puntland, Barry, Sanaag, Sool and Nugaal regions.

•       
A report published in 2010 says that Somalia
takes the 6th place among the poorest countries in the world
(Ultius, 2014).

•       
According to Reig and colleagues, Somaliland is
ranked 29th among the world water stress regions

•       
Most Somalians are forced to walk 20km to get
water (Ultius, 2014).

•       
An article by Calkin says that the majority of
the population in Somalia lack access to water, reducing the average life
expectancy of an individual to 51 years .

•       
At present, the access to water in Somalia has
increased from 15% to 45% when compared to the past 5 years.

Causes for Water
Poverty

•       
Geographic
location

-Consists mainly of plateau, plains and highland

-Hot conditions prevail year-round along with

 Periodic monsoon
winds and irregular rainfall

•       
Distance

-Absence of  close by
water sources

•       
Drought
(Abdulrab, 2012)

-Not getting enough rainfall

•       
Somalia
is near by in an extremely water scarce area

-Most of the available rivers are shared by neighbouring
countries

•       
Low
income (The Water Project, 2017).

-Absence of facilities to do agriculture

•       
Cost of
water is high

-200L drum of water costs 200,000 Somali shillings (897,579
LKR) (Ultius, 2014)

Effect of Water
Poverty

•       
Lack of
access to drinking water

         Lack of
facilities to supply water and drying of rivers

•       
Death

         Death of
human and animals

•       
Spread
of diseases (Barringer, 2017)

         Depression,
malnutrition, diarrhea and cholera

•       
Hygiene
and sanitation issues (Unicef, 2017)

       Due to lack of
access to clean water

•       
Hunger

      Absence of
farming and death of animals

•       
Children
do not have energy to do daily activities.

           Essential
nutrition is absent in the diet

•       
Lack of
education (Ultius, 2014).

        Children and
women suffer from the burden of fetching

        water,
therefore they are not sent to school

•       
Loss of
time in fetching water (The water project, 2017).

        Therefore less
time invested on trade

•       
Displacement
of people to other regions or countries.

         In 2017, 3770
Somali have migrated to Melkabida in Ethiopia

Current Solutions

•       
Help from the UN and WHO.

•       
Creating a pipeline system across the regions
(Ultius, 2014)

•       
 Bring
clean, sustainable water supply systems at least

within the distance of 1km of a village (The Water Project,
2017).

•       
Support from clean water initiatives and seek
public

   attention.

•       
Relief by few organizations such as United
Nations Development Programme,

Concern Worldwide, The Water Project organization (Ultius,
2014)

Future Solutions

•       
UNICEF is currently working to provide
facilities for water supply for 400,000 people (Barringer, 2017)

•       
Concern Worldwide will provide water for 15 to
47 places in Somalia (Concern Worldwide, 2017)

•       
Chlorinated drinking water will be distributed
to Somalia people by UNICEF (UNICEF, 2017)

•       
According to UN, if the condition of poverty
remains the same, the number of people who are affected will be double by the
end of 2018.

•       
45,000 people in Baidoa who are internally
displaced will be given access to clean water (Ahmed, 2017).

Conclusion

•       
At
present, Somalia has reduced water poverty when compared to the past few years,
but still more than half of the population lack access to clean water.     

•       
Water
poverty has reduced the life span of people and animals living in such areas.

•       
Effects
of water poverty are death, lack of access to clean water, spread of diseases,

   hygiene issues and hunger.

•       
As
a result of water poverty, people in Somalia have had to migrate to other
countries for survival.

•       
Few
organizations are currently working on projects that can help Somalia to
overcome water poverty.

•       
In
future more countries should come forward to help the people in Somalia and
other nations who are subjected to water poverty.

                           

 

 

 

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