Till this day underground mining and recovery of diamonds
continues in the vicinity of Kimberley, the 19th century saw the
discovery of the early main site. It is limited to scale with major focus on
recovering old tailing dumps just to recover bits and pieces of diamond that was
left behinds by older recovery processes that had been done before. The Finsch
mine, was part of the Petra Diamond group which was the second largest producer
and operates entirely as an subversive mine using straight sub-level yielding
methods. Further north in Limpopo province, the Venetia mine owned by De Beers
is South Africa’s largest diamond producer, recovering some 8Mct a year. Mining
is currently by open-cast methods but the depth limits of the open pit are
being reached and an underground mine is being developed to continue production
below the open pit.
The purpose of this source was to tell us when and where the
mines were and how they had actually discovered the diamond and how they would
extract the diamonds from the rock once they had actually found it and all the
processes that had to be done just for people to actually the diamond. The
article was written for those who want to know where the wealthy and most
popular mines were situated.
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