Teenage civilization it was seen as normal for

Teenage pregnancy is a huge problem that the United States faces today. Amongst other countries the United States has the highest rates of teen pregnancy (Ayadi, Kuo, Adams &Gavin, 2010; Minnick & Shandler, 2011). In the year 2009 the United States Census data reported that the birth rate was almost 45 per thousand women for young women ages 15-19 (2012). It also stated that of births to single women were to teenage mothers in 2009 (Ayadi et al., 2010). 14 million babies are born worldwide each year to mothers between ages 15 and 19 (United Nations Children’s Fund UNICEF, 2008). Teenage childbearing is a topic that has been researched vigorously over the past 3 decades (Hurd & Zimmerman, 2010). It has been established as a social problem in the country, and prevention measures are needed (McKay & Barrett, 2010).Teenage motherhood is very evident and indisputably seen throughout our nations history. In the early days of civilization it was seen as normal for teens starting at the age of 14 to be married and with children; it was not frowned upon like it is now in today’s society. Throughout history though the rates of teen pregnancy has been up and down going back and fourth between high numbers and low numbers. According to Mollborn (2010) for decades teen pregnancy has always been seen as a problem. Currently teenage motherhood is lower in the United States than they were compared to teenage motherhood in the 60’s and 70’s. Even though teenage motherhood is lower, it is said that now in today’s generation teenagers are very much likely to have children out of wedlock.(Eshbaugh, 2008).The meanings of teenage pregnancy are not the different from one individual person or study to another. UNICEF defines teenage pregnancy as a girl between the ages of 13 and 19 becoming pregnant. This term also means a girl that is still young, who hasn’t reached the maturity of adulthood to become pregnant, with adulthood being defined differently all over the world (2008). While most studies use this definition, others define teenage pregnancy as a pregnant female between the ages of 15 and 19 or 15 and 20 (Ayadi et al., 2010; McKay & Barrett, 2010; Mollborn, 2010).The likelihood of a teenager becoming pregnant can be due to a number of influencing factors. One of those factors being that teen moms now have grown up in poverty or low income with little to no access to a good education or good employment; it is seen at the norm in that environment (Hurd & Zimmerman, 2010; Lopoo, 2011). Teenage motherhood is also more accustomed among the minority populations (Lopoo, 2011). It is said that this is because certain minority groups don’t have sanctions against teen pregnancy (Mollborn, 2010).Teens may also become pregnant because they do not have the proper education and   information on sexual health/pregnancy prevention or they may have none at all. It is presumed that the most of teenage pregnancies are unexpected and accidental (McKay & Barrett, 2010). Majority of schools tend to use abstinence- only education and only educate about contraceptive failure. Another thing to consider is the parents, some parents may be giving their teen the wrong information because they may have been taught wrong or they may just find it hard and uncomfortable to talk about so they won’t say anything at all to correct what their teen think is true about sex and pregnancy. Teens also get the wrong idea about sex through the media because even though it portrays sex heavily it rarely portrays the bad side effects of having sex such as STD’s/ STI’s, and pregnancy nor does it talk about ways prevent such side effects which gives teen incomplete information about sex. (Hust, Brown & L’Engle, 2008).