The novel, “To Kill A Mockingbird”, by Harper Lee is mainly about a young boy and girl named Scout and Jem who are slowly growing up and maturing in a racist neighborhood. Scout and Jem characterize each of the people in their neighborhood in different ways. The author uses indirect characterization to convey the central idea. Indirect characterization is when an author shows the readers what a character is like through things like their speech, their actions, and the response that other characters have when they’re around. The author uses indirect characterization to convey the central idea that bravery is shown through determination, not appearance. Examples may be found in the text to show that the author uses indirect characterization to convey the central idea that bravery is shown through determination, not appearance. An example of this is the Scout and Jem’s father, Atticus. Atticus is characterized by Scout and Jem as an old man incapable of doing anything interesting. But throughout the book the readers are shown that Atticus is in fact a very brave man. This is shown through his actions. A situation that shows Atticus’ bravery is the court case. Atticus shows no fear or hesitation in defending Tom Robinson, an African American man accused of a crime. Though this seems like common courtesy since he is a lawyer, in the setting of the novel it is incredibly dangerous to show any support to people of color. The fact that Atticus has no problem with defending Tom shows his bravery. Another person who is an example of the central idea that bravery is shown through determination and not appearance is Ms.Dubose. Ms.Dubose is an elderly woman who yells at Jem and Scout each time they walk past her house, making rude comments about them and their father. One day, she makes a disrespectful comment about Atticus, causing Jem to lash out and cut up her flowers. As a punishment, Ms.Dubose forces Jem to read to her everyday for one month. It seems that every day the amount of time that he has to be there keeps getting longer. This causes Scout and Jem to characterize her as inconsiderate and uncompassionate. However, after her death, the readers find out that the reason she had Jem stay a little longer every day was because she was addicted to morphine and she wanted to break the addiction before she let herself die. So although she appeared and was characterized to be nothing but a frail and angry old woman, she was in fact a very brave person who was fighting an addiction. This shows that the author uses indirect characterization to convey the central idea that bravery is shown through determination, not appearance. In the novel “To Kill A Mockingbird”, Harper Lee uses indirect characterization to convey the central idea that bravery is shown through determination, not appearance. This central idea can be used in the world today. Often times people judge bravery on a specific scale and assume that if it doesn’t look like bravery then it isn’t. People tend to judge things based on appearance and that is a big flaw in humanity. If people were to take in the idea that bravery is not shown solely through appearance, we wouldn’t be so ignorant as a race.