The problem of a person’s physical (through medical

The
word helping means assisting other persons to reach goals that are important to
them. In context of the specialist helper, it means facilitating personal
growth in the direction chosen by persons being helped as well as towards the
helpers’ own model of an effective person.

‘Meeting
the needs of others’ is a common descriptive phrase, but the real goal of all
helping is self help. Therefore, helping professions are those professions that
fosters the growth of the problem of a person’s physical (through medical
assistance), psychological (through counselling), intellectual (through
knowledge by the way of teaching) emotional (helping persons suffering from
depression) and spiritual well-being (by asking what is your purpose in life,
what did God call you to do) by life coaching. The main roles of
helping professions are to solve social, economic, cultural, spiritual problems
for example helping one to higher his/her self esteem. They deliver services in
governmental and private organizations throughout the world. 

There
are two types of Helping Professions; they are the Social helping profession
and the Medical helping profession. The helping disciplines that fall under the
Social Helping Professions are: psychotherapists, Guidance Counsellors, Social
Worker, Special Educator Teachers, Life coaches and Rehabilitation Counsellors
while on the other hand the disciplines that fall under the Medical Helping
Professions are Nurses and Doctors.  These professions offer a wide range of
service like: self uplifting, medical care, social, economic and domestic
assistance, psychological help and counselling. Some helping professions help others overcome
challenges and improve their lives. According to Webster’s dictionary, Life coaching is a synergistic
relationship between an accredited life coach and a Client designed to tap into
your full potential, most of these helping discipline has the same main goal as
the life coach. There are some similarities between the social work profession
and other helping disciplines; one of this is that they all want to improve the
lives and potential of persons in need.  Social workers are said to be professional
counsellors but in this case these suggestions are wrong, there are some main
features about social workers that set them apart from other helping
professions, the profession that will be in comparison with is the Guidance
Counsellor.    

Comparison
and Contrast between Social Work and Guidance and Counselling 

What is Social work? Social work is a
profession centred on people using theories of human behaviours and social
systems, to develop the lives and potential of people ranging from babies to
elderly through their personal abilities to develop their lives through social,
economic and domestic justice, with practical and professional assistance. It
focuses generally on problem resolution by creating an environment for positive
change. According to National Association of Social Work (NASW) the mission of
the social work profession is to enhance the well-being and meet the basic
needs of all people with particular attention on the vulnerable, oppressed and
people living in poverty and its main tool is self, that is using their own
recourses to help persons.  Social work’s distinguishing characteristics are its emphasis on
the person-in-environment model and its emphasis on social justice. In other
words, social workers not only consider individuals’ internal struggles, as
other counsellors might, they also work with people to examine their
relationships, family history, work environment, community environment, and the
structures and policies that impact them in order to identify ways to help
address a problem or challenge. Social workers also do not limit their work to
individuals; they work with individuals, couples, families, groups, neighbourhoods,
communities, and organizations. Social work practice is also strengths-based.
Social workers help people or groups identify their problems, determine their
skills and capacities, what they are doing well, and how that was accomplished,
and then analyze ways that those strengths might be applied to the identified
problems. The Social Work profession are guided by Ethical Standards throughout
their professions, two of which are Informed Consent (social
workers should use clear and understandable language to inform clients
of the purpose of the services, risks related to the services, limits to
services because of the requirements of a third-party payer, relevant costs,
reasonable alternatives, clients’ right to refuse or withdraw consent, and the
time frame covered by the consent.) and Confidentiality (Social workers should
respect clients’ right to privacy. Social workers should not solicit private
information from clients unless it is essential to providing services or
conducting social work evaluation or research. Once private information is
shared, standards of confidentiality apply. This can be breech if the client
causing harm to self, cases of child abuse and/or court orders) and also a critical part of any social worker’s job is to help
clients navigate between systems. This often means referring clients to
specialists, or connecting them with resources or organizations that can help
their situation.

There
are three levels of practices that social work uses within their practice,
these are the Micro level of practice, the Mezzo level of practice and the
Macro level of practice. The Micro social work level is the most common
practice, and happens directly with an individual client or family, the Mezzo
social work happens on an intermediate scale, involving neighbourhoods,
institutions or other smaller groups and lastly the Macro level social work is
interventions provided on a large scale that affect entire communities and
systems of care.

Guidance and counselling is
all round assistance to individual in all aspect of his or her development. It
makes use of the science of psychology to determine the attitude, interest,
intelligence, personality and the discipline of the education for providing
right and suitable