The Information System (IS) is an integration of business processes,
software, hardware and infrastructure. It is the key factor for enterprise
Today, gadgets that we can hold in one hand are more capable
than the PCs used. There has been a huge advancement of Information System work
in the course of recent decades.
The use of Internet piling up all over the world with the
latest digital device available in the current market. The communication became
faster than the recent time. The evolution of information systems drastically
changed from Data Processing aka Electronic
Data Processing (1960’s) era to E-Business
(present) era and improved interaction between customers and the organizations.
Evolutions in Information System (IS):
The improvement in the effectives of the business has grown
over the time. Previously the Information Systems (IS) were performed manual systems
to collect the data, store them to Database for day-day transactions of an organization.
Here IS was used as EDP (Electronic Data
Processing) uses computers to classify and monitor the data to automate the
process. Later the concept of Management
Information Systems (MIS) came into picture. These help managers in the
organization give reliable information they needed for making decision. Usually
MIS gives 3 types of information:
information reports with all the activities involved in the transactions.
: the data in readable format which is easy to review quickly
Information Report: the details of the exceptions are explained by filtering
These reports were not sufficient to take decisions by the management.
This new role of Decision Support
Systems (DSS) in Information Systems helps managers and other business owners
to take decision which they needed. DSS uses internal and external data from
organization Database Examples like risk analyzing, product sales, price and profitability.
Then later in 1980’s Microcomputers
came into existence microcomputer processors developed by Intel’s Pentium microprocessor. Employees and end users can use
their own resources to support job requirements. This saves their time Rather
than sitting tight for backhanded help. Executive
Information System (EIS) has
made easy access and information needed for the top executives provided from
DSS and MIS.
ERP systems were revolutionized Enterprise resource planning which is integration of many systems
into one single large system. As organizations introduce complex data and
correspondence innovations with the possibility to connect everyone inside the
firm to a normal wellspring of authoritative information and a completely circulated
system of connections, the unbending dividers around authoritative layers also,
capacities start to vanish. Many organizations have received Information System (IS) to help in running steady business activities.
Form MIS to E-Business
there is major change in the internet and the applications developed using the technologies.
The internet and web based applications which are enterprise applications
becoming commonplace in today’s operations in business sectors. Apparently today’s
business transactions are doing better than faster than doing before years. The
transactions are processed and generating reports with high security and
support enabled by the organizations. This became the competitive advantage for
Trends in Information System (IS):
major trends have been observed so far in the recent times about the Information Systems
1) Functional Trends:
Information systems advanced with
the time frame into efficient systems. Their growth and development has not
only impacted the performance of business activities but also gained competitive
advantage. Some of the major functional changes to the Information Systems are like reduce in license cost, implementation
cost with this customers have interacted with organizations.
2) Technical Trends: from technical line advanced of the
Information systems and new technologies integrated for company management like
Customer relation Management (CRM) and
Business Intelligence (BI). Open software and mobile applications that are
involved in the M-commerce which is nothing but mobile-Commerce. This is one of the significant developments to all
organizations that accept Information Systems.
3) Future Trends: some of the functionalities that the ERP can
be integrated with other systems are Supply
Chain Management (SCM), Customer
Relationship Management (CRM) etc. data warehousing and Product Life Cycle Management may include in future. All these
systems integrated to explode maximum growth.
Conclusion: constant evolution of Information Systems and
company management has been observed from 1960’s
to present. The businesses and the individuals need to be aware in these
coming changes and trends and prepare for them.